Symptoms and Causes of Gingivitis
Who Is at Risk?
Nearly half of all adults will develop gum disease at some point in their lives. Men are more likely to develop periodontal disease. About 56 percent of men will develop gum disease compared with just 38 percent of women. The risk of periodontal disease goes up with age. People aged 65 or older have a 70 percent chance of developing periodontal disease. A few risk factors can increase these odds even further to make gum disease more likely for some individuals.
Poor Dental Hygiene a Factor in Some Cases
One common contributing factor to gingivitis and gum disease is failing to brush and floss your teeth properly on a regular basis. Plaque is a bacterial film that builds up on teeth over time. If not removed regularly, it can cause irritation and inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding teeth. This tissue is called gingiva, and inflammation or infection of these areas is known as gingivitis.
Sugary and starchy foods contribute in the formation of plaque. Inside your mouth, these substances combine with bacteria to create a thin layer of plaque that can be removed by regular brushing and flossing. If it is not removed completely, however, the plaque can harden into calculus or tartar, which is much harder to remove. Your dentist will typically use specialized instruments to remove tartar deposits from your teeth during routine teeth cleaning procedures.
At AMG Dental Group, Dr. Guerra can provide you with the preventive services needed to promote improved dental health and identify the first signs of gum disease before it becomes a serious threat to your teeth. Regular teeth cleaning visits can remove plaque and tartar to maintain the healthiest teeth and gums.
Added Risk Factors
There are additional risk factors that can make it even more likely that you could develop gum disease:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco.
- Decreased immunity because of illnesses or other medical conditions.
- Poor diet that may include a deficiency of vitamin C.
- Medications that cause dry mouth.
Risks of Gum Disease to Your General Health
Periodontal disease can affect more than your teeth and gums. Medical studies have linked gum disease with a number of other conditions, which may include some or all of the following:
- The American Academy of Periodontology has found a link between periodontal disease and heart disease. While no direct causal relationship has been established, individuals with gum disease may be at greater risk of cardiovascular issues.
- In some cases, the bacteria associated with periodontal disease can travel to the lungs and cause respiratory distress or illness. This occurs during the normal act of breathing.
- Men who suffer from gum disease may also be at higher risk of certain types of cancer, including kidney, pancreatic and blood cancers.
- Periodontal disease can lower the ability of patients with diabetes to control blood sugar, putting them at higher risk of serious complications from this disease.
Prevention and Treatment for Periodontal Disease
At AMG Dental Group, our dental team will provide you with the best preventive care to keep your teeth and gums healthy. If you do develop gum disease, we can provide you with aggressive treatment options to prevent the progression of the disease and promote the best dental health for you and your family, now and in the future. Give us a call today at 561-844-6146, to schedule an appointment.